Central Asia—an ancient country, an enormous land full of nature's contrasts. Desert sands stretching for vast distances, orchards and vineyards, snow-capped mountain summits and green valleys. Age-old cities with magnificent masterpieces of architecture are still continuing to grow and develop. Modern cities built during the Soviet period. Towns which have preserved only the mighty millenium-old ramparts and the ruins of their old buildings. The history of many towns and individual buildings is full of legends reflecting the struggle of the people against invaders and the great feats of their heroes. Thanks to the achievements of Soviet science and history and of the extensive archaeological research carried out in Central Asia, major scientific discoveries have been made, and the ancient culture which existed before the Arab invasion of the seventh and eighth centuries and before the Mongol invasion (early 13th cen.) has been revealed.
The development of architecture, like the entire cultural deve¬lopment of the nations in Central Asia was halted by the Mongol invasion of 1220—1221. The country took a long time recovering after that. Thirteenth century construction has not left any remarkable examples, but some of the buildings con¬structed in the first half of the fourteenth century are from the architectural and artistic points of view ranked among the mas¬terpieces of Central Asia. The architecture of this period has a decorative quality, which is enriched by the polychrome enameled revetment. The predominant hues were turquoise and blue.
Traveling around Uzbekistan is an adventure filled with fascinating cultural discoveries, history and breathtaking natural beauty. Tourists have the opportunity to travel through living history, not just among remnants kept in the confines of a museum, but also experience the silence of the distant past among the sites of ancient settlements, temples and tombs - a great place to escape from busy civilization. They still serve as places forreligious pilgrimage, as they have for a thousand years. You will always remember the tall minarets, grandiose madrassahs and mosques, palaces and mausoleums decorated with incredible ceramic ornamentation, noisy and colorful oriental bazaars, interesting legends, and the warm hospitalityand ancient traditions of the local people.
Recently, Kazakhstan has become increasingly popular among tourists from all around the world. Local travel companies have been quick to respond to this phenomenon by increasing the range of services they offer, attracting even more travelers. Many of these tourists come from Germany, the UK, Japan, South Korea and China. These travelers have already experienced the touring routes of Kazakhstan.
Southern Kazakhstan also hosts the world famous space port ,Baykonur. It is quite possible that in the near future, not only the local people, but also tourists from abroad will be able to get one step closer to space and feel its fascinating aura, if not by joining a rocket launch, then by witnessing it from a nearby location. There is a proposal to create at Baikonur an entertainment complex with modern hotels and service facilities, similar to that existing at Cape Canaveral. Facilities would include a mini-mission control center which would simulate spacecraft launch, a planetarium, a museum of space development, a shopping network, restaurants, as well as 'cosmic cafes' for young people.
Kyrgyzstan is situated in Central Asia , its neighbouring countries are Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tadjikistan to the south and China to its East and South-East.
Bishkek, the capital of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, with a population of about 1 million, is situated in the north part of the country (Chui-Region). Especially the centre is heavily influenced by the Soviets, and you can enjoy quite a number of typical soviet-style architecture (Philharmonia – concert hall, government building, Historic Museum, Monument for the Great War of the Native Country) but also modern monuments pointing out the traditional Kyrgyz culture (Monument of Manas, Monument of Independence, as well as many statues of Akyns, Manas’chi and local governors of different periods).
Tajikistan is a newly-independent republic on the southern tip of Former Soviet Central Asia. Beautiful and remote, Tajikistan has much to offer to the mountaineer, the hiker and the independent traveller in search of remote locations and unusual cultural experiences. There are opportunities for alpine mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking, horse or camel riding, historical exploration, cultural experiences or simply relaxing among dramatic mountains and lakes.
Tourism in China has greatly expanded over the last few decades. The emergence of a newly rich middle class and an easing of restrictions on movement by the Chinese authorities are both fueling this travel boom. China has become one of the world's most-watched and hottest outbound tourist markets. The world is on the cusp of a sustained Chinese outbound tourism boom.
Beijing, the capital city of China and also the venue of the 2008 Olympic Games, is endowed with many splendid tourist attractions including Great Wall, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven and the new ultra-modern and stunning Bird's Nest (Olympic National Stadium). Our comprehensive Beijing packages enable you to enjoy every corner of Beijing and will transport you from twenty-first century city life back through time to the wonders of ancient dynasties.