Gateway to North East India, Assam is the largest of all states in the northeast. The rich, green land of plains and dense forests highlight the landscape. It is dominated by the mighty River Brahmaputra originating in Tibet, which is running through the state. This mystic land of eternal blue hills and beautiful rivers is renowned for its tea, rich flora and fauna, the world famous one horned rhinoceros and other rare species of wildlife on the verge of extinction. Barring Africa, there is perhaps no part of the world where such a variety of wildlife exists.
Situated between 90-96 degree East Longitude and 24-28 degree North Latitude, Assam is bordered in the North and East by the Kingdom of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh.
Exotic denizens of the sylvan world add to the mystery and charm of this weird land. Frolick of apes, graceful elephants, fluttering of wings & singing of birds, migratory birds flying into the hills, the majestic tiger enforcing his authority all invite you to carry back home a little what the heaven is made of.
Assam is aptly described as anthropologist’s paradise because ethnically speaking, population of Assam has all the basic elements that go to make up the Indian people; the Austro-Asiatic, the Dravidian, the Indo Aryan and the Indo-Mongoloid. Indo-Mongoloid element predominates in the overall make up of Assam’s population. Thus the society of Assam is not just a haphazard conglomeration of diverse racial and cultural elements but a composite whole arising out of the integration and synthesis of all of them
Assam has been a melting pot into which have gone the Aryans and non-Aryans, the tribal, the indigenous and the exotic, making for a delightful fare with a wonderful mixed flavorAlmost all the standing architectural monuments of Assam belong to the late medieval period and represent the building styles of the Kacharies, Koch and Ahom royal courts. The present Kamakhya temple and the Hayagriva Madhav temple at Hajo were built by the Koch kings. To the Ahom royal power goes the credit of constructing the large number of temples in and around Sibasagar (such as Vishnu dol, Sivadol, Devidol, etc), the royal palaces (Kareng-ghar, Talatal-ghar) at Sibasagar and Gargaon Nazira), pavilion (Ranghar) at Sibasagar and a number of other monuments in the vicinity. At Charaideo near Sibasagar is the old mausoleum complex of Ahom monarchs buried according to traditional Ahom beliefs and rites.
Items of archaeological importance for the state – prehistoric artifacts and fossils, ruined and standing monuments, stone and terracotta sculptures, seals and coins, old inscriptions and manuscripts – have been found all over the state and even beyond. Very little excavation worth the name has been done, but the rich harvest of archaeological remains yielded by a rather sketchy spell of excavation at Ambari in the heart of the city of Guwahati in the eighties gives an indication of how much treasure lies buried under the earth.